Nationality can be conceptualized as the legal bond that links a person to a State. This bond creates obligations and grants to the national individual.

Some States adopt the territorial criterion for the granting of nationality, that is, it will be national that who is born in the territory of a certain State. Others adopt the criterion of blood or ius sanquinis. In that case, ancestry is considered to be granted the nationality.

It is also important to point out that some countries, such as Brazil, adopt a dual model for granting the original nationality, considering as Brazilian the one who was born in Brazil or having a Brazilian direct ascendant. Here, the place where the individual was born will not matter.

Also, it is worth mentioning that each country establishes its criteria for obtaining nationality. Most of these criteria are established in the Constitution and in complementary legislation on the subject of each country.

Learn about the services of J&D Immigration Advisers for advisory and consultancy to obtain nationality for different countries.

Brazilian nationality

The constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil of 1988, as well as the Migration Law no. 13445/2017, discusses on the criteria for the option of Brazilian nationality as well as for naturalization.

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Portuguese nationality

In recent years, Portugal has become one of the main destination countries of Brazilians, either because of the historical ties that unite these two countries that resulted in the constitution of Portuguese-Brazilian families.
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Italian nationality

The basic principle of obtaining Italian citizenship is the ius sanguinis. That is, citizenship can be granted to an individual according to their ancestry. The one who is the son/daughter of an Italian father or an Italian mother is Italian.

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Spanish nationality

Although many people are able to obtain it, it is a bureaucratic process that requires attention to the requirements and documents required. Count on J&D to succeed in the process.

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